Keen Independent Research
Phone: (303) 3858515
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172 N. Washington Street
Wickenburg , AZ 85390
100 Fillmore Street, 5th Floor
Denver , CO 80206

HDOT 2019 Availability and Disparity Study

Project Overview

Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) engaged Keen Independent Research LLC, an economic consulting and policy analysis firm, to analyze whether there is a level playing field for minority- and women-owned firms in Hawaii.

The study is examining HDOT contracts for construction, professional services, goods and other services and airport concessions. HDOT will use this information to update its overall goals for disadvantaged business enterprise (DBE) participation in its federally-funded contracts. The study team will also survey businesses about their availability to perform HDOT work.

This disparity study is analyzing any evidence of disparities or other evidence of discrimination affecting minority- and women-owned businesses in the public and private sectors in Hawaii. The study team will interview local business owners and other groups.

David Keen and Annette Humm Keen, Keen Independent Principals, are directing this assignment. They are two of the nation’s leading disparity study consultants. Mr. Keen has served as an expert witness successfully defending DBE programs.

Keen Independent is joined by the following local study team members: Spire Hawaii, a Honolulu-based accounting and advisory services firm; and Pauline Worsham Marketing, a Kailua-based communications company. Keith Wiener, Attorney with Holland & Knight, Kim Stewart of Abaci Research & Consulting and Suzanne Donaldson of Donaldson Enterprises are also study team members.


The disparity study launched in March 2018. Keen Independent will complete a draft report in 2019.

External Stakeholder Group

An External Stakeholder Group has been assembled to provide ongoing input throughout the study.

Download External Stakeholder Group meeting notes.
Download External Stakeholder Group presentation.

Availability Study Report and Public Meetings

Keen Independent prepared an Availability Study Report to help HDOT set overall DBE goals in summer 2019. HDOT has published these goals and is asking for public comments.

Download report.
Download July 2019 Public Meeting Presentation.
Download public meeting schedule.
Download HDOT’s proposed overall DBE goals.

How to Get Involved

Download the fact sheet.
Study hotline: 1-623-349-4384
Study email:

Attend a public meeting in July 2019.